Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has the mandate to regulate manufacture, distribute, sell or import “organic foods” as per the provisions laid under Section 22 of the Food Safety Standards Act, 2006. The Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017 will regulate the Organic Foods in the country.
The Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017 recognizes already established two systems of certification i.e. Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) implemented by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare and National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) implemented by Ministry of Commerce and Industry. These regulations will regulate the manufacture, distribute, sale or import “organic foods”.
Direct sales by the original producer or producer organisation to the end consumer is exempt from the need of verification of compliance for any of the two systems.
The consumer should look for FSSAI Logo and License number. In case of NPOP certified Food Product, India Organic Logo, name and logo of the accredited certification body, accreditation number and in case of PGS certified food products PGS-India Logo and unique ID code shall be there.
The organic food shall also comply Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins and Residues) Regulations, 2011 except for residues of insecticides for which the maximum limits shall be 5% of the maximum limits prescribed or Level of Quantification (LoQ) whichever is higher.
The Accredited Certification Bodies in case of NPOP and Regional Councils in case of PGS-India are responsible for certifying the Organic Food Products.
Organic Food is not required to be re-certified on import to India under bilateral or multilateral agreements based on the equivalence of standards as per National Programme for Organic Production it. All organic food consignments to be accompanied by a Transaction Certificate issued by an Accredited Certification Body.
The Food Safety and Standards (Organic Foods) Regulations, 2017 will come into force from 1st July 2018.